Family Papilionidae or Swallowtails

This family is distinguished by three main anatomical features: the caterpillars have a retractable organ behind their heads called an ‘osmeterium’. Shaped like the forked tongue of a snake, the osmeterium excretes a smelly secretion and is emitted when the caterpillar is threatened. The second vein on the hindwing goes to the edge of the wing and the cervical scales meet under the neck.

Sub family Parnassiinae

Semi-Apollon       Parnassius mnemosyne       Clouded Apollo

Petit Apollon       Parnassius phoebus        Small Apollo

Apollon       Parnassius apollo        Mountain Apollo

Diane       Zerynthia polyxena       Southern Festoon

Proserpine      Zerynthia rumina      Spanish Festoon

Sub family Papilioninae

Flambé        Iphiclides podalirius       Scarce Swallowtail

Voilier blanc        Iphiclides feisthamelii       Southern Scarce Swallowtail

Alexanor       Papilio alexanor       Southern Swallowtail

Porte-queue de Corse        Papilio hospiton       Corsican Swallowtail

Machaon      Papilio machaon       Old world Swallowtail